Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurosci. 2012 Feb 8;32(6):2018-26. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5138-11.2012.

Generation of a pain memory in the primary afferent nociceptor triggered by PKCε activation of CPEB.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Neuroscience, University of California at San Francisco, California 94143-0440, USA.

Abstract

Isolectin B(4)-positive [IB(4)(+)] primary afferent nociceptors challenged with an inflammatory or neuropathic insult develop a PKCε-dependent long-lasting hyperalgesic response to a subsequent challenge by the proinflammatory cytokine prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), a phenomenon known as hyperalgesic priming. Here we demonstrate that the neuroplasticity underlying nociceptor priming requires 72 h to be established; rats that have been challenged with the inflammatory mediator TNFα 24 or 48 h ahead of PGE(2) do not show the enhanced and prolonged hyperalgesic response by which primed IB(4)(+)-nociceptors are being characterized. Moreover, as the underlying plasticity can be interrupted by the peripheral administration of the protein translation inhibitor anisomycin it is reflected by changes in the peripheral protein expression pattern. Finally, the induction of priming by the selective PKCε agonist, psi ε receptor for activated c kinase (ψεRACK) can be prevented, but not reversed by intrathecal injections of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides for the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein (CPEB) mRNA, a master regulator of protein translation that coimmunoprecipitated with PKCε and is almost exclusively expressed by IB(4)(+)-nociceptors. Our results suggest that CPEB is downstream of PKCε in the cellular signaling cascade responsible for the induction of priming, raising the intriguing possiblity that prion-like misfolding could be a responsible mechanism for the chronification of pain.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk