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Schizophr Bull. 2012 Jun;38(4):678-82. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs006. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Taking back the brain: could neurofeedback training be effective for relieving distressing auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia?

Author information

  • 1Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Institute of Human Cognition and Brain Science, Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, North Ryde, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia. s.mccarthyjones@gmail.com

Abstract

Progress in identifying the neural correlates of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) experienced by patients with schizophrenia has not fulfilled its promise to lead to new methods of treatments. Given the existence of a large number of such patients who have AVHs that are refractory to traditional treatments, there is the urgent need for the development of new effective interventions. This article proposes that the technique of neurofeedback may be an appropriate method to allow the translation of pure research findings from AVH-research into a clinical intervention. Neurofeedback is a method through which individuals can self-regulate their neural activity in specific neural regions/frequencies, following operant conditioning of their intentional manipulation of visually presented real-time feedback of their neural activity. Four empirically testable hypotheses are proposed as to how neurofeedback may be employed to therapeutic effect in patients with AVHs.

PMID:
22323675
PMCID:
PMC3406539
DOI:
10.1093/schbul/sbs006
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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