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J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2012 Mar-Apr;11(2):98-100. doi: 10.1177/1545109711435364. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

A potential drug-herbal interaction between Ginkgo biloba and efavirenz.

Author information

1
1Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

Efavirenz (EFV) is primarily metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B6 and to a lesser extent by CYP3A4. Drugs that significantly inhibit or induce these enzymes would then be expected to increase or lower the levels of EFV potentially resulting in toxicity or therapeutic failure, respectively. The constituents of Ginkgo biloba extract have been demonstrated to induce gene expression of the CYP450 enzymes. We report a case in which a potential drug-herb interaction may have led to virological breakthrough in a patient that was maintained on the same regimen for 10 years. Therefore, a drug-herbal interaction may be expected when these agents are taken concurrently, and we advise clinicians to avoid this combination when possible.

PMID:
22323244
DOI:
10.1177/1545109711435364
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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