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Ann Surg Oncol. 2012 Sep;19(9):3065-71. doi: 10.1245/s10434-012-2246-1. Epub 2012 Feb 10.

MicroRNA-10b is a prognostic indicator in colorectal cancer and confers resistance to the chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil in colorectal cancer cells.

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Department of Surgery and Molecular Oncology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Beppu, Oita, Japan.



Recent evidence has shown that altered patterns of microRNA (miRNA) expression correlate with various human cancers. We investigated the clinical significance of miR-10b and its involvement in chemotherapeutic resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which is a key component of common chemotherapy regimens in colorectal cancer.


Quantitative RT-PCR was used to evaluate the clinicopathologic significance of miR-10b expression in 88 colorectal cancer cases. We also investigated the chemotherapeutic sensitivity to 5-FU in miR-10b-overexpressing colorectal cancer cells. To explore the mechanism of chemoresistance in miR-10b transfected cells, we examined whether miR-10b inhibits the pro-apoptotic BH3-only Bcl-2 family member BIM(BCL2L11), a key mediator of chemotherapy-induced cell death.


High level miR-10b expression was found to be significantly associated with high incidence of lymphatic invasion (P = 0.0257) and poor prognosis (P = 0.0057). Multivariate analysis indicated that high miR-10b expression is an independent prognostic factor for survival. In vitro studies revealed that miR-10b directly inhibits pro-apoptotic BIM, and the overexpression of miR-10b confers chemoresistance in colorectal cancer cells to 5-FU.


MiR-10b is a novel prognostic marker in colorectal cancer. Moreover, the expression of miR-10b is a potential indicator of chemosensitivity to the common 5-FU-based chemotherapy regimen.

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