Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 May;40(10):4483-95. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks041. Epub 2012 Feb 8.

CUX1 transcription factor is required for optimal ATM/ATR-mediated responses to DNA damage.

Author information

  • 1Goodman Cancer Centre, Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, 1160 Pine avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3A 1A3.

Abstract

The p110 Cut homeobox 1 (CUX1) transcription factor regulates genes involved in DNA replication and chromosome segregation. Using a genome-wide-approach, we now demonstrate that CUX1 also modulates the constitutive expression of DNA damage response genes, including ones encoding ATM and ATR, as well as proteins involved in DNA damage-induced activation of, and signaling through, these kinases. Consistently, RNAi knockdown or genetic inactivation of CUX1 reduced ATM/ATR expression and negatively impacted hallmark protective responses mediated by ATM and ATR following exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) and UV, respectively. Specifically, abrogation of CUX1 strongly reduced ATM autophosphorylation after IR, in turn causing substantial decreases in (i) levels of phospho-Chk2 and p53, (ii) γ-H2AX and Rad51 DNA damage foci and (iii) the efficiency of DNA strand break repair. Similarly remarkable reductions in ATR-dependent responses, including phosphorylation of Chk1 and H2AX, were observed post-UV. Finally, multiple cell cycle checkpoints and clonogenic survival were compromised in CUX1 knockdown cells. Our results indicate that CUX1 regulates a transcriptional program that is necessary to mount an efficient response to mutagenic insult. Thus, CUX1 ensures not only the proper duplication and segregation of the genetic material, but also the preservation of its integrity.

PMID:
22319212
PMCID:
PMC3378881
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gks041
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center