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Microb Ecol. 2012 Jul;64(1):152-61. doi: 10.1007/s00248-012-0013-2. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

The influence of iron availability on human salivary microbial community composition.

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1
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Abstract

It is a well-recognized fact that the composition of human salivary microbial community is greatly affected by its nutritional environment. However, most studies are currently focused on major carbon or nitrogen sources with limited attention to trace elements like essential mineral ions. In this study, we examined the effect of iron availability on the bacterial profiles of an in vitro human salivary microbial community as iron is an essential trace element for the survival and proliferation of virtually all microorganisms. Analysis via a combination of PCR with denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis demonstrated a drastic change in species composition of an in vitro human salivary microbiota when iron was scavenged from the culture medium by addition of the iron chelator 2,2'-bipyridyl. This shift in community profile was prevented by the presence of excessive ferrous iron (Fe(2+)). Most interestingly, under iron deficiency, the in vitro grown salivary microbial community became dominated by several hemolytic bacterial species, including Streptococcus spp., Gemella spp., and Granulicatella spp. all of which have been implicated in infective endocarditis. These data provide evidence that iron availability can modulate host-associated oral microbial communities, resulting in a microbiota with potential clinical impact.

PMID:
22318873
PMCID:
PMC3376180
DOI:
10.1007/s00248-012-0013-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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