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J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(2):141-9. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2011.623332.

Drivers of disparity: differences in socially based risk factors of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors among sexual minority college students.

Author information

1
Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. john blosnich@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE:

To test the association between socially based stressors (eg, victimization, discrimination) and self-injurious behavior, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt.

PARTICIPANTS:

A national sample of college-attending 18- to 24-year-olds.

METHODS:

Random or census samples from postsecondary educational institutions that administered the National College Health Assessment during the Fall 2008 and Spring 2009 semesters.

RESULTS:

Sexual minorities reported more socially based stressors than heterosexuals. Bisexuals exhibited greatest prevalence of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors. In adjusted models, intimate partner violence was most consistently associated with self-injurious behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sexual minorities' elevated risks of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors may stem from higher exposure to socially based stressors. Within-group differences among sexual minorities offer insight to specific risk factors that may contribute to elevated self-injurious and suicidal behaviors in sexual minority populations.

PMID:
22316411
PMCID:
PMC3340564
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2011.623332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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