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Inorg Chem. 2012 Feb 20;51(4):2325-31. doi: 10.1021/ic202322f. Epub 2012 Feb 8.

Dual-functional gadolinium-based copper(II) probe for selective magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescence sensing.

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State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, China.


A unique gadolinium complex, Nap-DO3A-Gd, comprising a naphthylamine luminescent moiety, a di-2-picolylamine (DPA) binding chelator, and a 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (DO3A) moiety has been designed and synthesized as a dual-functional probe for selective magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescent sensing of copper(II) in living cells. Nap-DO3A-Gd exhibited a turn-on manner of relaxivity changes and a fluorescent quenching toward Cu(2+). Through the introduction of naphthalamide into the Gd(3+) contrast agent platform to restrict the coordination ability of the DPA chelator and with Gd(3+) coordinating to the DPA moiety to turn away the interferences of other metal cations from Cu(2+) detection, the probe featured selective relaxivity changes toward Cu(2+) over other metal ions and brought unique Cu(2+)-specific luminescent responses. The probe was water-soluble with the luminescent detection limit established at 6 ppb and was successfully used for luminescence imaging detection of copper(II) in living cells. The results demonstrated the efficiency and advantage of our approach in the development of a dual-modality image.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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