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Emerg Med Int. 2012;2012:837020. doi: 10.1155/2012/837020. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Medical transport of children with complex chronic conditions.

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Department of Pediatrics, Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


One of the most notable trends in child health has been the increase in the number of children with special health care needs, including those with complex chronic conditions. Care of these children accounts for a growing fraction of health care resources. We examine recent developments in health care, especially with regard to medical transport and prehospital care, that have emerged to adapt to this remarkable demographic trend. One such development is the focus on care coordination, including the dissemination of the patient-centered medical home concept. In the prehospital setting, the need for greater coordination has catalyzed the development of the emergency information form. Training programs for prehospital providers now incorporate specific modules for children with complex conditions. Another notable trend is the shift to a family-centered model of care. We explore efforts toward regionalization of care, including the development of specialized pediatric transport teams, and conclude with recommendations for a research agenda.

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