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Mol Cell Biochem. 2012 Jun;365(1-2):99-108. doi: 10.1007/s11010-012-1248-4.

Study on the effect of IRE1a on cell growth and apoptosis via modulation PLK1 in ER stress response.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, ChongQing Medical University, ChongQing 400016, China.

Abstract

The mammalian unfolded protein response (UPR) protects the cell against the stress of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Failure to adapt to ER stress causes the UPR to trigger apoptosis. Inositol-requiring enzyme-1a (IRE1a), as one of three unfolded protein sensors in UPR signaling pathways, senses ER unfolded proteins through an ER lumenal domain that becomes oligomerized during ER stress. It is known to be important for ER stress-mediated apoptosis and cell growth, but the exact molecular mechanism underlying these processes remains unexplored. In this study, we report that knockdown of IRE1a by an siRNA silencing approach enhanced, whereas its overexpression inhibited, cell proliferation in Hepatoma cells. Besides, overexpression of IRE1a induced, while its repression inhibited, ER stress-mediated apoptosis in Hepatomas cells. Furthermore, we found that overexpressed IRE1a can down-regulate Polo-like kinase 1(PLK1) from mRNA and protein two levels. IRE1a-mediated induction of apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation in response to ER stress is through downregulation PLK1, an early trigger for G2/M transition known to be participated in regulating cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. Collectively, these findings reveal a novel critical role of IRE1a in ER stress-mediated apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms involved. IRE1a may be a useful molecular target for the development of novel predictive and therapeutic strategies in cancer.

PMID:
22314839
DOI:
10.1007/s11010-012-1248-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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