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Mol Imaging Biol. 2012 Dec;14(6):667-75.

Non-invasive microCT imaging characterization and in vivo targeting of BB2 receptor expression of a PC-3 bone metastasis model.

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Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans Hospital, Columbia, MO, USA.



A devastating progression of human prostate cancer is the development of bone metastasis. Animal models of bone metastasis induced by inoculating human prostate cell lines into mice are well established. Here, we report the characterization of a mouse model of prostatic bone metastasis using non-invasive microCT and targeted microSPECT imaging of bone tumors using the bombesin receptor (BB2r)-avid radiolabeled peptide, (111)In-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7–14]NH(2).


Immunocompromised mice were inoculated with human prostate cancer cells by intracardiac injection. Metastatic lesion development was monitored by serially imaging mice weekly with microCT. Mice with CT imaging-confirmed bone lesions were administered (111)In-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7–14]NH(2) for microSPECT imaging of BB2r expressing lesions.


Metastatic bone lesions as small as 0.3 mm in diameter were detected by microCT image analysis as early as 21 days after tumor cell inoculation and had wide anatomical distribution. MicroSPECT imaging using (111)In-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7–14]NH(2) successfully targeted BB2r expressing metastatic bone lesions of the tibia at day 29.


MicroCT imaging can accurately and non-invasively follow the onset and progression of metastatic bone lesions in mouse models of prostate cancer. Micro-CT coupled with BB2r Micro-SPECT imaging affords the opportunity to obtain a combined receptor/anatomic map of metastatic bone lesion status in this mouse model.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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