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Recent Results Cancer Res. 2012;192:171-85. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-21892-7_8.

Perspectives in the elderly patient: benefits and limits of bisphosphonates and denosumab.

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University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.


Skeletal metastases affect a large percentage of the cancer population and contribute to a marked decrease in their quality of life and survival, in particular in elderly population. A future end-point of bone-protecting therapy is the demonstration of its ability to prevent or improve results in the treatment of metastatic disease, enlarging their clinical indications in metastatic and osteoporotic setting with different schedules. In this chapter we will discuss on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions of bisphosphonates in elderly, and the preclinical and clinical evidences of anticancer activity of bone-targeted therapies will be critically described. The clinical results of new targeted therapies (such as rank/rankl/OPG inhibition) will be reported both in bone metastatic and in adjuvant settings. Finally, the prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) represents both in young and more in old patients an emerging issue in the bone health care. For this reason, this chapter will discuss the results of current therapies in this clinical setting.

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