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J Leukoc Biol. 1990 Nov;48(5):377-81.

Thiol proteinase inhibitors reverse the increased protein kinase C down-regulation and concanavalin A cap formation in polymorphonuclear leukocytes from Chediak-Higashi syndrome (beige) mouse.

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Department of Bacteriology, Fukushima Medical College, Japan.


Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an essential role in intracellular signal transduction for various cell functions, including concanavalin A (Con A)-induced cap formation. This enzyme is known to be proteolysed by calpain, which is a Ca2(+)-dependent thiol proteinase. As reported previously, in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) from beige mouse, the model of Chediak-Higashi syndrome, Con A-induced cap formation significantly increased compared with that in normal mouse. However, after pretreatment of beige PMNs with the thiol proteinase inhibitors leupeptin or E-64, the capping decreased to normal levels. Meanwhile, Con A-induced the translocation of PKC from the cytosolic to membrane fraction within 5 min in both mice, which is essential to the activation of this enzyme. However, after the translocation, an abnormal rapid decline in membrane-bound PKC activity was noted in beige mouse PMNs. Both leupeptin and E-64 also corrected the rapid decline in PKC activity observed in the beige mouse. These findings suggest that the normalization of Con A cap formation in beige mouse PMNs by the thiol proteinase inhibitors is associated with the correction of abnormality in PKC activity.

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