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Mol Immunol. 2012 Mar;50(3):134-41. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2012.01.001. Epub 2012 Feb 2.

An afucosylated anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody with greater antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and B-cell depletion and lower complement-dependent cytotoxicity than rituximab.

Author information

1
Biolex Therapeutics, Pittsboro, NC 27312, USA. jgasdaska@biolex.com

Abstract

The objective of this study was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo activity of a novel afucosylated rituximab (BLX-300) expressed in a Lemna aquatic plant-based system free of zoonotic pathogens. The glycosylation of BLX-300 was shown to be homogeneous, composed of a single major N-glycan species without detectable fucose or xylose. Target cell binding and induction of apoptosis were similar for BLX-300 and rituximab. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was increased by BLX-300 versus rituximab in phenylalanine/phenylalanine (F/F), phenylalanine/valine (F/V) and valine/valine (V/V) genotype donors, as indicated by respective log reductions of 0.82, 1.07 and 0.92 in EC(50). BLX-300 also showed greater B-cell depletion than rituximab in whole blood from donors of F/F, F/V and V/V genotype in vitro and cynomolgus monkeys in vivo. Temporal changes in circulating levels of BLX-300 and rituximab were similar in cynomolgus monkeys. Complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) was attenuated by BLX-300 relative to rituximab, as judged by a log increase of 0.51 in EC(50). The higher ADCC and B-cell depletion suggest a potential improvement in effectiveness and potency, while lower CDC may mitigate infusion toxicity.

PMID:
22305040
DOI:
10.1016/j.molimm.2012.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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