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Physiol Plant. 2012 Aug;145(4):594-603. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01590.x. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

The phytohormone auxin is a component of the regulatory system that controls UV-mediated accumulation of flavonoids and UV-induced morphogenesis.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

In plants, ultraviolet (UV)-B acclimation is a complex, dynamic process that plays an essential role in preventing UV-B damage to targets such as DNA and the photosynthetic machinery. In this study we tested the hypothesis that the phytohormone auxin is a component of the regulatory system that controls both UV-mediated accumulation of flavonoids and UV-induced morphogenesis. We found that the leaf area of Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0 plants raised under a low dose of UV radiation (0.56 kJ m(-2) daily dose) was, on average, decreased by 23% relative to plants raised in the absence of UV-B, and this was accompanied by a decrease (P = 0.063) in free auxin in young leaf tissues. Compared to Col-0, both the auxin influx mutant axr4-1 and the auxin biosynthesis mutant nit1-3 displayed significantly stronger morphogenic responses, i.e. relative decreases in leaf area were greater for these two mutants. UV exposure also induced accumulation of flavonoids. In Col-0, increases in the concentrations of specific kaempferol derivatives ranged from 2.1- to 19-fold. Thus, UV induces complex changes in flavonoid-glycosylation patterns. Compared to Col-0, three auxin mutants displayed significantly different flavonoid profiles. Thus, based on mutant analysis, it is concluded that the phytohormone auxin plays a role in UV acclimation by regulating flavonoid concentration, flavonoid-glycosylation pattern and by controlling UV-induced morphogenic responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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