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Aviat Space Environ Med. 2012 Feb;83(2):111-7.

Net energy expenditure of gravity-independent high-speed resistive exercise done by women.

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  • 1Exercise and Sport Science Program, The University of Tulsa, OK 74104, USA.



Elevated metabolism is common to spaceflight while exercise in microgravity exacerbates energy costs. Thus in-flight exercise countermeasures must be devised that minimize energy costs as they are performed on hardware operable in microgravity.


Female subjects (N = 28), subdivided into athletic and sedentary groups, each performed two workouts on a resistive exercise device (Impulse Training Systems; Newnan, GA). Comprised exclusively of either tonic or phasic repetitions, each exercise bout entailed two 1 -min sets interspersed by a 90-s rest from which the work volume was determined. Oxygen consumption was measured before, during, and after workouts until gas uptake returned to pre-exercise levels. Net oxygen consumption was converted to net energy expenditures via indirect calorimetry. Mean net energy expenditure and work volume values were each compared with 2 (athletes, sedentaries) x 2 (tonic, phasic) ANOVAs, with repeated measures for workout. In addition, multivariate regression employed three predictor (body mass, body fat percentage, work volume) variables to account for the net energy expenditure variance.


Workouts yielded a metabolic cost of approximately 14 kcal, yet the data produced no significant intergroup or workout differences. However, work volume analysis yielded a significant (tonic > phasic) effect. The multivariate analysis explained small yet significant amounts of net energy expenditure variance.


Current results: 1) are partly attributable to higher series elastic element activity seen with Impulse repetitions; and 2) offer new information with respect to in-flight exercise protocols for female astronauts.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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