Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Malays J Nutr. 2011 Aug;17(2):151-62.

Familial and socio-environmental predictors of overweight and obesity among primary school children in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor.



A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the familial and socio-environmental predictors of overweight and obesity among 1430, 9-12 year-old primary school children and their parents in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur.


Body weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated. Modified Child Feeding (CFQ) and Determinants of Adolescent Social Well-being and Health (DASH) questionnaires were used to measure familial and socio-environmental factors.


A total of 17.9% of the children were overweight while 16.0% were obese. Positive relationships were found between child's BMI and parent's BMI (r = 0.129, p < or = 0.01), concern about child's weight (r = 0.125, p < or = 0.01) and restriction (r = 0.057, p < or = 0.05) to unhealthy foods. However, negative relationships were found between child's BMI with pressure to eat (r = -0.135, p < or = 0.01) and neighbourhood safety perception (r = -0.053, p < or = 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that being male (Exp (beta) = 0.538; 95% CI = 0.421-0.687), higher parent's BMI (Exp (beta) = 1.055; 95% CI = 1.028-1.082), higher concern about child's weight (Exp (beta) = 1.082; 95% CI = 1.030-1.127), low pressure to eat (Exp (beta) = 0.857; 95% CI = 0.801-0.916) and low perception of neighbourhood safety (Exp (beta) = 0.951; 95% CI = 0.913-0.990) were significantly associated with increased risk of overweight.


Parents should be the main target for education to modify children's weight status. Further research should be carried out to understand the mechanism of influence of parents and the socio-environment on child's health.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center