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Genes Dev. 2012 Feb 1;26(3):241-6. doi: 10.1101/gad.177873.111.

Tel1(ATM) and Rad3(ATR) phosphorylate the telomere protein Ccq1 to recruit telomerase and elongate telomeres in fission yeast.

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1
Department of Gene Mechanisms, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

In fission yeast, the DNA damage sensor kinases Tel1(ATM) and Rad3(ATR) exist at telomeres and are required for telomere maintenance, but the biological role they play at telomeres is not known. Here we show that the telomere protein Ccq1 is phosphorylated at Thr 93 (threonine residue at amino acid 93) by Tel1(ATM) and Rad3(ATR) both in vitro and in vivo. A ccq1 mutant in which alanine was substituted for Thr 93 failed to recruit telomerase to telomeres and showed gradual shortening of telomeres. These results indicate that the direct phosphorylation of Ccq1 Thr 93 by Tel1 and Rad3 is involved in the recruitment of telomerase to elongate telomeres.

PMID:
22302936
PMCID:
PMC3278891
DOI:
10.1101/gad.177873.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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