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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2012 May;69(5):1277-87. doi: 10.1007/s00280-012-1834-x.

RRM1 and ERCC1 expression in peripheral blood versus tumor tissue in gemcitabine/carboplatin-treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, The First AYliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qing Chun Street, Hangzhou 310003, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To comparatively evaluate the prognostic or predictive value of ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1) and excision repair cross-complementation 1 (ERCC1) gene expression in peripheral blood versus tumor tissue from patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated by gemcitabine/platinum chemotherapy.

METHODS:

A total of 49 patients with advanced NSCLC receiving gemcitabine plus carboplatin chemotherapy were studied. RRM1 and ERCC1 mRNA levels in the peripheral blood and tumor tissue were determined by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The relationships between gene expression and clinical and pathological factors, response to chemotherapy as well as prognosis, were evaluated.

RESULTS:

RRM1 expression in peripheral blood and tumor tissue, but not ERCC1 expression, was found to be positively correlated (r = 0.332, 0.258; P = 0.020, 0.073; respectively). RRM1 and ERCC1 expression levels were nearly synchronous in both peripheral blood (r = 0.351; P = 0.013) and tumor tissue (r = 0.634; P < 0.001). Neither was correlated with clinical and pathological factors.

PATIENTS:

with low RRM1 expression in peripheral blood or low RRM1 or ERCC1 expression in tumor tissue experienced better response to chemotherapy (50.0 vs. 16.0%, 50.0 vs. 16.0%, and 54.2 vs. 12.0%; P = 0.012, 0.012, and 0.003; respectively), longer median survival (18.5 vs. 13.0 months, 18.5 vs. 12.0 months, and 19.8 vs. 12.5 months; P = 0.043, 0.014 and 0.007; respectively), and longer progression-free survival (6.0 vs. 4.0 months, 7.8 vs. 3.9 months, and 5.8 vs. 3.8 months; P = 0.044, 0.016, and 0.008; respectively). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that ERCC1 expression in tumor tissue was independent indicator for overall survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Advanced NSCLC patients with low RRM1 mRNA expression both in peripheral blood and in tumor tissue could benefit from gemcitabine/carboplatin chemotherapy. ERCC1 mRNA expression in tumor tissue may be a predictive and prognostic indicator in advanced NSCLC patients receiving gemcitabine/carboplatin chemotherapy.

PMID:
22302408
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-012-1834-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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