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Mod Pathol. 2012 Jun;25(6):885-92. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2011.217. Epub 2012 Feb 3.

Loss of ARID1A/BAF250a-expression in endometriosis: a biomarker for risk of carcinogenic transformation?

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1
Department of Gynecology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Mutations of the tumor-suppressor gene ARID1A result in the loss of protein expression of the BRG-associated factor 250a (BAF250a), a large subunit of transcription-regulating Human SWI/SNF complexes, which have an important role in the control of cell proliferation and tumor suppression. ARID1A mutations are particularly frequent in endometriosis-associated ovarian clear cell and endometrioid carcinomas, and were recently described as a possible key mechanism and early step in the transformation of endometriosis into cancer. Here, we examined the immunohistochemical expression pattern of BAF250a in a tissue microarray including 74 endometriosis and 30 endometrium samples. Ovarian cancer samples (n=136) served as a control. Epithelial BAF250a expression was assessable in 90/104 (87%) and stromal BAF250a expression in 95/104 (91%) of the endometriosis, and endometrium cases due to lack of adequate tissue in some spots. Complete lack of BAF250a expression was observed in three endometriomas (n=3/20, 15%) and one deep-infiltrating endometriosis sample (n=1/22, 5%), but in none of the peritoneal endometriosis (n=0/16) and eutopic endometrium samples (n=0/30). A comparison of the mean immunoreactivity scores revealed a significantly lower expression rate of BAF250a in endometriomas compared with normal endometrium (P<0.0005), as well as peritoneal (P=0.003) and deep-infiltrating endometriosis (P=0.02). Our data demonstrates that a complete loss of BAF250a expression is observable in some endometriotic lesions, especially in endometriomas. In addition, we report that a partial loss of BAF250a expression is occurring in the form of cell clusters indicating a clonal loss of BAF250a expression in these cells. The loss of expression of the tumor-suppressor protein BAF250a in some endometriomas possibly indicates a risk of malignant transformation in these cases, which could be of importance in the determination of individual treatment strategies. However, its role and value as a prognostic parameter in endometriosis needs to be further studied.

PMID:
22301703
DOI:
10.1038/modpathol.2011.217
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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