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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2012 Apr 15;302(8):C1257-68. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00191.2011. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Molecular assembly and dynamics of fluorescent protein-tagged single KCa1.1 channel in expression system and vascular smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular & Cellular Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Japan.

Abstract

The large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)1.1, BK) channel has pivotal roles in the regulation of vascular tone. To clarify the molecular dynamics of BK channels and their functionally coupled protein on the membrane surface, we examined single-molecule imaging of fluorescent-labeled BK subunits in the plasma membrane using total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy. The dynamic mobility of yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-tagged BKα subunit (BKα-YFP) expressed in human embryo kidney 293 (HEK) cells was detected in TIRF regions at the level of individual channels and their clusters on the plasma membrane with a diffusion coefficient of 6.7 × 10(3) nm(2)/s. When BKα-YFP was coexpressed with cyan fluorescent protein (CFP)-tagged BKβ1 subunit (BKβ1-CFP) in HEK cells, the mobility was reduced by ∼50%. Fluorescent image analyses suggest that green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged BKα subunit (BKα-GFP) expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), at low density, preferentially formed a heterotetrameric molecular assembly with native BKα subunits, rather than homotetrameric BKα-GFP. Movement of BKα-YFP in VSMCs (0.29 × 10(3) nm(2)/s) was far more restricted than BKα-YFP/BKβ1-CFP in HEK cells (2.5 × 10(3) nm(2)/s). Actin disruption by pretreatment with cytochalasin D in VSMCs appeared to increase the mobile behavior of BKα-YFP, which was then significantly reduced by addition of jasplakinolide. Most BKα-YFP colocalized with caveolin 1 (Cav1)-CFP in VSMCs, but unexpectedly not frequently in HEK cells. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses showed the direct interaction between BKα-YFP and Cav1-CFP, particularly in VSMCs. These results, obtained by single molecule imaging in living cells, indicate that the dynamics of BKα molecules on the membrane surface are strongly restricted or regulated by its auxiliary β-subunit, cytoskeleton, and direct interaction with Cav1 in VSMCs.

PMID:
22301058
DOI:
10.1152/ajpcell.00191.2011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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