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Eur J Clin Invest. 2012 Jul;42(7):795-803. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02642.x. Epub 2012 Feb 2.

Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging.

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1
Departments of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Endocrinology, Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, Groningen, The Netherlands. r.golestani@umcg.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

  Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused for enhancing muscle mass, strength, growth and improving athletic performance.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

  In recent years, many observational and interventional studies have shown important adverse cardiovascular effects of AAS abuse.

CONCLUSIONS:

  This review discusses established and future perspectives of novel molecular imaging techniques that may serve as potential tools for early detection of AAS-associated cardiovascular disorders.

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