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Evaluation of respiratory findings in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.

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Department of Chest Diseases, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey.


Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic disease with a high mortality rate causing viral hemorrhagic fever. We studies the respiratory system findings, demographics, clinical and laboratory findings of patients with CCHF admitted to our hospital. In this retrospective study we evaluated 108 patients with CCHF confirmed by laboratory findings. The charts of all hospitalized patients were reviewed, and the age, sex, occupation, city of residence, history of tick bite or of removing a tick, smoking history, chest X-ray results, outcome and clinical and laboratory findings were recorded for each patient. Sixty of the chest radiographs were read as normal, 33 were read as showing unilateral pathology and 15 showed bilateral pathology. Seven of the 108 patients died due to severe pulmonary infection and hemorrhage. The frequency of pathological chest radiographs was higher among the CCHF patients who died than among the survivors, but the difference was not significant. Pulmonary parenchyma hemorrhage can occur in CCHF patients with hemoptysis, dyspnea, chest pain and infiltration on chest radiographs and may lead to morality.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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