Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Pharmacother. 2012 Feb;46(2):276-81. doi: 10.1345/aph.1Q333. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

The role of mannitol as a nephroprotectant in patients receiving cisplatin therapy.

Author information

1
Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the efficacy and safety of concomitant mannitol administration with cisplatin therapy to reduce the incidence of nephrotoxicity.

DATA SOURCES:

A literature search was performed via MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library (1945-August 2011) using the terms mannitol, cisplatin, nephrotoxicity, and forced diuresis. Reference citations from the publications identified were also reviewed.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:

The search was limited to studies conducted in humans. All studies in which mannitol was used for forced diuresis with cisplatin therapy were evaluated.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Cisplatin therapy can lead to transient and permanent renal impairment. Molecular and histologic changes occur in the renal tubules, which contribute to nephrotoxicity. The adverse effect profile of cisplatin is well documented, but the prevention strategies to alleviate renal impairment due to treatment are less understood. Mannitol plus hydration has been used for several years to alleviate toxicity associated with cisplatin therapy. However, the data for mannitol administration have not been convincing. When the use of mannitol and hydration is compared directly to hydration alone, mannitol shows no benefit. In some patients, not only was mannitol not protective, its administration was associated with worsening renal function.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although mannitol plus hydration is used to decrease cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, there are no compelling data that the addition of mannitol is more nephroprotective than the use of hydration alone. Appropriate hydration remains the most reasonable strategy to reduce the incidence of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

PMID:
22298599
DOI:
10.1345/aph.1Q333
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center