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J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012 Jan;22(1):58-68.

Purification and characterization of a novel alkaline protease from Bacillus horikoshii.

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1
C & J Biotech. Jinju Bio21 Center, Jinju, Gyeongnam 660-844, Korea.

Abstract

An investigation was conducted on the enhancement of production and purification of an oxidant and SDS-stable alkaline protease (BHAP) secreted by an alkalophilic Bacillus horikoshii, which was screened from the body fluid of a unique Korean polychaeta (Periserrula leucophryna) living in the tidal mud flats of Kwangwha Island in the Korean West Sea. A prominent effect on BHAP production was obtained by adding 2% maltose, 1% sodium citrate, 0.8% NaCl, and 0.6% sodium carbonate to the culturing medium. The optimal medium for BHAP production contained (g/l) SBM, 15; casein, 10; K(2)HPO(4), 2; KH(2)PO(4), 2; maltose, 20; sodium citrate, 10; MgSO(4), 0.06; NaCl, 8; and Na(2)CO(3), 6. A protease yield of approximately 56,000 U/ml was achieved using the optimized medium, which is an increase of approximately 5.5-fold compared with the previous optimization (10,050 U/ml). The BHAP was homogenously purified 34-fold with an overall recovery of 34% and a specific activity of 223,090 U/mg protein using adsorption with Diaion HPA75, hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) on Phenyl-Sepharose, and ion-exchange chromatography on a DEAE- and CMSepharose column. The purified BHAP was determined a homogeneous by SDS-PAGE, with an apparent molecular mass of 28 kDa, and it showed extreme stability towards organic solvents, SDS, and oxidizing agents. The K(m) and k(cat) values were 78.7 μM and 217.4 s(-1) for N-succinyl-Ala- Ala-Pro-Phe-pNA at 37° C and pH 9, respectively. The inhibition profile exhibited by PMSF suggested that the protease from B. horikoshii belongs to the family of serine proteases. The BHAP, which showed high stability against SDS and H(2)O(2), has significance for industrial application, such as additives in detergent and feed industries.

PMID:
22297220
DOI:
10.4014/jmb.1109.09006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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