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[Eeffects of Coptis Chinensis on vasoconstrictive activity of isolated thoracic aorta of normoxic and chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxic rats].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Clinical Medicine, Hehei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effects of Coptis Chinensis on vasoconstrictive activity of isolated thoracic aorta rings of normoxic and chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxic (CIHH) rats, and to investigate the underlying mechanisms.

METHODS:

Young male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normoxic group and CIHH group: the fonnrmer were not given any special treatment; the latter were exposed to hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber simulating 5000 m altitude (PB = 404 mmHg, PO2 = 84 mmHg, 11.1% O2), 6 hours daily for 28 days. The isolated thoracic aorta rings of rats were prepared and perfused in thermostat, and the effects of Coptis on vasoconstrictive activity of aorta rings were recorded, the mechanisms were investigated simultaneouly.

RESULTS:

Coptis Chinensis significantly decreased NE and KC-induced vasoconstriction of normoxic and CIHH rats' isolated aortic rings, but the inhibitive effects had no obvious discrepancy between the two groups. The contractive amplitude had no marked change after the removal of endothelium. When calculated by Logit Loglinear analysis, IC50 of NE and KCl-induced contractive amplitude in normoxic group were respectively 2.99 g/L and 6.14 g/L, while they were 3.45 g/L and 5.81 g/L in CIHH group. The inhibitive effect of Coptis on vasoconstrictive activity of both groups could be partly decreased by Glibenclamide and nitro-L-arginine methyl ester; Indomethacin suppressed the effect on normoxic group as well. Also Coptis significantly inhibited NE-induced both intracellular and extracellular calciumion-depended vasoconstriction.

CONCLUSION:

Coptis Chinensis obviously relaxes isolated thoracic aorta rings of normoxic and CIHH rats, but the effects are endothelium-independent and have no marked discrepancy between the two groups. The mechanisms of the effects may be related to the opening of ATP-sensitive K+ channel, raise of nitric oxide concentration in both groups, and the increasing of PGI2 in normoxic group. Besides, Coptis may inhibit sarcoplasmic reticulum releasing Ca2+ and decrease the inflow of extracellular Ca2+ via cell membrane.

PMID:
22295515
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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