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World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Jan 28;18(4):349-55. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i4.349.

Adenovirus-expressed preS2 antibody inhibits hepatitis B virus infection and hepatic carcinogenesis.

Author information

1
Qian Zhang, Department of Infectious Diseases, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the inhibitory effect of hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS2 antibody (preS2Ab) against HBV infection and HBV-associated hepatic carcinogenesis.

METHODS:

An adenoviral vector carrying the full-length light and heavy chains of the HBV preS2Ab gene, Ad315-preS2Ab, was constructed. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting analyses were used to determine the preS2Ab expression levels in vitro. Immunofluorescent techniques were used to examine the binding affinity between the expressed HBV preS2Ab and HBV-positive liver cells. ELISAs were also used to determine hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels to assess the inhibitory effect of the preS2Ab against HBV infection in L02 cells. The inhibitory effect of preS2Ab against hepatic carcinogenesis was studied with diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in HBV transgenic mice.

RESULTS:

The expression of HBV preS2Ab increased with increases in the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of Ad315-preS2Ab in L02 cells, with 350.87 ± 17.37 μg/L of preS2Ab when the MOI was 100 plaque forming units (pfu)/cell. The expressed preS2Abs could recognize liver cells from HBV transgenic mice. ELISA results showed that L02 cells expressing preS2Ab produced less HBsAg after treatment with the serum of HBV patients than parental L02 cells expressing no preS2Ab. HBV transgenic mice treated with Ad315-preS2Ab had fewer and smaller cancerous nodes after induction with DEN than mice treated with a blank Ad315 vector or untreated mice. Additionally, the administration of Ad315-preS2Ab could alleviate hepatic cirrhosis and decrease the serum levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase.

CONCLUSION:

Adenovirus-mediated HBV preS2Ab expression could inhibit HBV infection in L02 cells, and then inhibit DEN-induced hepatocellular carcinogenesis and protect hepatic function in HBV transgenic mice.

KEYWORDS:

Adenoviral vector; Gene therapy; Hepatitis B virus; Hepatocellular carcinoma; PreS2 antibody

PMID:
22294841
PMCID:
PMC3261530
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v18.i4.349
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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