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J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Sep;28(9):1999-2005.

Differentiation of Naegleria fowleri from Acanthamoeba species by using monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry.

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Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112.


Monoclonal antibodies to Naegleria fowleri and Acanthamoeba polyphaga were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, and fluorescence flow cytometry to assess specificity and cross-reactivity with axenically cultured N. fowleri and Acanthamoeba spp. Four monoclonal antibodies to N. fowleri were specific for N. fowleri and had no reactivity to A. polyphaga. Similarly, four monoclonal antibodies to A. polyphaga did not react with N. fowleri. Two of the four monoclonal antibodies to A. polyphaga did not react with other Acanthamoeba spp. tested, while two of the antibodies demonstrated a high degree of cross-reactivity with a putative Acanthamoeba castellanii strain by immunofluorescence microscopy; this was confirmed by fluorescence flow cytometry for one of the antibodies. These monoclonal antibodies were used to identify Acanthamoeba trophozoites in infected brain sections of a patient who died of suspected Acanthamoeba-caused granulomatous amoebic encephalitis, demonstrating potential utility in the direct identification of N. fowleri and Acanthamoeba spp. in clinical specimens.

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