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Int J Infect Dis. 2012 Apr;16(4):e244-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2011.12.001. Epub 2012 Jan 30.

A sandfly fever virus outbreak in the East Mediterranean region of Turkey.

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Department of Infectious Disease, Yenisehir State Hospital, Hastane cad. No: 50, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.



To report a sandfly fever virus (SFV) outbreak that occurred in Kahramanmaras Province, Turkey.


We investigated the cases of 40 patients with a history of sandfly bites and with clinical findings, who were referred to our emergency service between July and August 2010. Serum samples of 19 patients were selected and analyzed using a commercial mosaic immunofluorescence test (IFT) to detect IgM and IgG antibodies against SFV.


Sandfly fever was diagnosed in nine patients. All cases had a history of fly bite, and the clinical findings included fever, headache, myalgia, conjunctival hyperemia, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. In two patients, the diagnosis was confirmed by real-time PCR as sandfly Sicilian virus (SFSV). Laboratory findings in the patients included leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase, and C-reactive protein. All patients made a complete recovery with symptomatic treatment.


SFV is endemic in the Mediterranean Basin and data regarding SFV activity in Turkey are limited. This is the first report of an SFV outbreak from Kahramanmaras Province, Turkey, and provides information on epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory aspects of SFV infections.

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