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PLoS Genet. 2012 Jan;8(1):e1002470. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002470. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

USF-1 is critical for maintaining genome integrity in response to UV-induced DNA photolesions.

Author information

1
CNRS-UMR6061 Genetic and Development Institute of Rennes, RTO Team, Rennes, France.

Abstract

An important function of all organisms is to ensure that their genetic material remains intact and unaltered through generations. This is an extremely challenging task since the cell's DNA is constantly under assault by endogenous and environmental agents. To protect against this, cells have evolved effective mechanisms to recognize DNA damage, signal its presence, and mediate its repair. While these responses are expected to be highly regulated because they are critical to avoid human diseases, very little is known about the regulation of the expression of genes involved in mediating their effects. The Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) is the major DNA-repair process involved in the recognition and removal of UV-mediated DNA damage. Here we use a combination of in vitro and in vivo assays with an intermittent UV-irradiation protocol to investigate the regulation of key players in the DNA-damage recognition step of NER sub-pathways (TCR and GGR). We show an up-regulation in gene expression of CSA and HR23A, which are involved in TCR and GGR, respectively. Importantly, we show that this occurs through a p53 independent mechanism and that it is coordinated by the stress-responsive transcription factor USF-1. Furthermore, using a mouse model we show that the loss of USF-1 compromises DNA repair, which suggests that USF-1 plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability.

PMID:
22291606
PMCID:
PMC3266871
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pgen.1002470
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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