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Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2013 Jun;398(5):703-7.

Severe gastro-oesophageal reflux necessitating fundoplication after percutaneous endoscopic and open gastrostomy in children.

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1
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital and School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The three major techniques for a gastrostomy in children are open gastrostomy (OG), percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and laparoscopic-assisted gastrostomy. Here, we have evaluated the outcome after OG and PEG in 69 children operated in Kuopio University Hospital.

METHODS:

The medical records of 69 consecutive children who had either PEG (n = 56) or OG (n = 13) over an 18-year period (1990-2008) were reviewed.

RESULTS:

There was no difference between the PEG- and OG-groups in the patients' characteristics, indications for tube placement and hospital stay. The mean procedure time was 43 min shorter in the PEG-group (28 ± 38 min) than in the OG-group (71 ± 58 min) (P = 0.003). Four children (8%) in the PEG-group and one (8%) in the OG-group required later surgical interventions related to gastrostomy. Severe gastro-oesophageal reflux (GER) necessitating fundoplication was detected in 15 children (27%) in the PEG-group and in 7 children (54%) in the OG-group (P = 0.06).

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study indicated a higher incidence for severe GER leading to fundoplication in children with OG, while no difference with complications and clinical outcome between the two techniques, OG and PEG, were observed.

PMID:
22290217
DOI:
10.1007/s00423-012-0909-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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