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J Food Prot. 2012 Feb;75(2):245-54. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-278.

Survival of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated walnut kernels during storage.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

The survival of single strains or cocktails of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes was evaluated on walnut kernels. Kernels were separately inoculated with an aqueous preparation of the pathogens at 3 to 10 log CFU/g, dried for 7 days, and then stored at 23°C for 3 weeks to more than 1 year. A rapid decrease of 1 to greater than 4 log CFU/g was observed as the inoculum dried. In some cases, the time of storage at 23°C did not influence bacterial levels, and in other cases the calculated rates of decline for Salmonella (0.05 to 0.35 log CFU/g per month) and E. coli O157:H7 (0.21 to 0.86 log CFU/g per month) overlapped and were both lower than the range of calculated declines for L. monocytogenes (1.1 to 1.3 log CFU/g per month). In a separate study, kernels were inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis PT 30 at 4.2 log CFU/g, dried (final level, 1.9 log CFU/g), and stored at -20, 4, and 23°C for 1 year. Salmonella Enteritidis PT 30 declined at a rate of 0.10 log CFU/g per month at 23°C; storage time did not significantly affect levels on kernels stored at -20 or 4°C. These results indicate the long-term viability of Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and L. monocytogenes on walnut kernels and support inclusion of these organisms in hazard assessments.

PMID:
22289584
DOI:
10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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