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J Int Med Res. 2011;39(6):2307-13.

Elevated levels of immunoglobulin E may indicate steroid resistance or relapse in adult primary nephrotic syndrome, especially in minimal change nephrotic syndrome.

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1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Abstract

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies may play a role in the development of kidney diseases that are related to hypersensitivity reactions. Patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome often exhibit increased serum IgE levels and this may be related to sensitivity to steroid treatment. In the present study, the serum IgE levels in 120 patients with different types of primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) were analysed and found to be significantly elevated in cases of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) compared with membranous nephropathy or membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis. No difference in serum IgE level was observed between cases of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) or steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, although the serum IgE level was significantly elevated in SSNS patients in relapse compared with SSNS patients in remission. In MCNS patients, 73.6% exhibited SSNS regardless of their serum IgE level at diagnosis. It is concluded that elevated levels of IgE may be a feature of steroid resistance or relapse, indicating prognostic significance in adult PNS, particularly in MCNS.

PMID:
22289548
DOI:
10.1177/147323001103900629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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