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FEBS Lett. 2012 Feb 17;586(4):459-65. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2012.01.032. Epub 2012 Jan 28.

Delivery of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin to target cells via outer membrane vesicles.

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1
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. gmd2n@virginia.edu

Abstract

Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT) intoxicates cells by producing intracellular cAMP. B. pertussis outer membrane vesicles (OMV) contain ACT on their surface (OMV-ACT), but the properties of OMV-ACT were previously unknown. We found that B. pertussis in the lung from a fatal pertussis case contains OMV, suggesting an involvement in pathogenesis. OMV-ACT and ACT intoxicate cells with and without the toxin's receptor CD11b/CD18. Intoxication by ACT is blocked by antitoxin and anti-CD11b antibodies, but not by cytochalasin-D; in contrast, OMV-ACT is unaffected by either antibody and blocked by cytochalasin-D. Thus OMV-ACT can deliver ACT by processes distinct from those of ACT alone.

PMID:
22289177
PMCID:
PMC3288663
DOI:
10.1016/j.febslet.2012.01.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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