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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2012 Oct;28(10):1250-8. Epub 2012 May 3.

Comprehensive investigation of common antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity antibody epitopes of HIV-1 CRF01_AE gp120.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


The antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) mechanism involves both innate and adaptive immune systems. While a number of epitope mapping studies of neutralizing (Nt) antibodies and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) against a variety of HIV-1 clades have been reported, there has been a paucity of similar studies aimed at identifying epitopes of ADCC-inducing antibodies. Herein we screened 35 sera from HIV-1 CRF01_AE-infected blood donors for ADCC antibody activity against gp120 utilizing an EGFP-CEM-NK(r) flow cytometric assay. Eighteen sera with high ADCC antibody activity were then comprehensively examined for ADCC antibody epitopes using the HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE TH023 gp120 peptide set consisting of 126 peptides of 15 amino acids in length, overlapping by 11 amino acids. This peptide set was divided into five pools (E1-E5). Each positive peptide pool was further investigated for fine epitope mapping of ADCC antibody activity using a 5 by 5 peptide matrix format. Interestingly, six and three peptides from peptide pools E1 and E2, respectively, responded to at least 33.33% of the tested sera. These nine common ADCC epitopes were localized to the C1 and V2 region of gp120. Furthermore, 5/9 epitopes were also shown to serve as full or partial Nt antibody targets for HIV-1 subtypes B and CRF01_AE. We submit these data on epitope mapping of ADCC or dual ADCC-Nt antibodies against HIV-1 gp120 that should be considered in the formulation of vaccines against HIV-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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