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RETRACTED ARTICLE

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Int J Gen Med. 2012;5:45-51. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S17834. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Post-dural puncture headache.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

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Abstract

Since August Bier reported the first case in 1898, post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) has been a problem for patients following dural puncture. Clinical and laboratory research over the last 30 years has shown that use of smaller-gauge needles, particularly of the pencil-point design, are associated with a lower risk of PDPH than traditional cutting point needle tips (Quincke-point needle). A careful history can rule out other causes of headache. A postural component of headache is the sine qua non of PDPH. In high-risk patients < 50 years, post-partum, in the event a large-gauge needle puncture is initiated, an epidural blood patch should be performed within 24-48 hours of dural puncture. The optimum volume of blood has been shown to be 12-20 mL for adult patients. Complications caused by autologous epidural blood patching (AEBP) are rare.

KEYWORDS:

cause; gauge; incidence; needles; post-dural puncture headache; risk

PMID:
22287846
PMCID:
PMC3265991
DOI:
10.2147/IJGM.S17834
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