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Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2012 Jan;55(1):96-101. doi: 10.1007/s00103-011-1395-x.

[The importance of physical activity and fitness for human health].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Universität Oldenburg, Deutschland. mirko.brandes@uni-oldenburg.de

Abstract

The decline of physical activity is considered to play an important role in the deterioration of health predictors, such as overweight, and the associated increase of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Therefore, most interventional strategies aim for increasing physical activity. Instead of physical activity, some studies use physical fitness as a key variable. Though physical fitness is influenced by genetic factors, physical fitness has to be developed by physical activity. As recent reports demonstrate the prospective associations between physical fitness and health and mortality, these associations are not reported for physical activity. Due to the fact that physical fitness-in contrast to physical activity-is evaluated with standardized laboratory measurements, it appears advisable to assess physical fitness for prospective health perspectives. Although physical fitness is determined by genetics, physical activity is the primary modifiable determinant for increasing physical fitness and should be aimed for to improve physical fitness in interventional strategies.

PMID:
22286254
DOI:
10.1007/s00103-011-1395-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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