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Waste Manag. 2012 Apr;32(4):653-66. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2011.12.019. Epub 2012 Jan 28.

Waste gasification vs. conventional Waste-to-Energy: a comparative evaluation of two commercial technologies.

Author information

1
Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milan, Italy. stefano.consonni@polimi.it

Abstract

A number of waste gasification technologies are currently proposed as an alternative to conventional Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants. Assessing their potential is made difficult by the scarce operating experience and the fragmentary data available. After defining a conceptual framework to classify and assess waste gasification technologies, this paper compares two of the proposed technologies with conventional WtE plants. Performances are evaluated by proprietary software developed at Politecnico di Milano and compared on the basis of a coherent set of assumptions. Since the two gasification technologies are configured as "two-step oxidation" processes, their energy performances are very similar to those of conventional plants. The potential benefits that may justify their adoption relate to material recovery and operation/emission control: recovery of metals in non-oxidized form; collection of ashes in inert, vitrified form; combustion control; lower generation of some pollutants.

PMID:
22285961
DOI:
10.1016/j.wasman.2011.12.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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