Send to

Choose Destination
J Infect. 2012 May;64(5):478-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2012.01.010. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Community-onset healthcare-related urinary tract infections: comparison with community and hospital-acquired urinary tract infections.

Author information

Service of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitari del Mar, Parc de Salut MAR, Barcelona, Spain.



To analyze the characteristics of infection, adequacy of empirical treatment and outcome of patients with community-onset healthcare-associated (HCA) urinary tract infections (UTI) and compare them with hospital (HA) and community-acquired (CA) UTI.


Prospective observational cohort study performed at a university 600-bed hospital between July 2009 and February 2010. Patients with UTI requiring hospital admission were included. Epidemiological, clinical and outcome data were recorded.


251 patients were included. Patients with community-onset HCA UTI were older, had more co-morbidities and had received previous antimicrobial treatment more frequently than CA UTI (p = 0.02, p = 0.01 and p < 0.01). ESBL-Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections were more frequent in HCA than in CA UTI (p = 0.03 and p < 0.01). Inadequate empirical treatment was not significantly different between community-onset HCA and CA. Factors related to mortality were P. aeruginosa infection (OR 6.51; 95%CI: 1.01-41.73), diabetes mellitus (OR 22.66; 95%CI: 3.61-142.21), solid neoplasia (OR 22.48; 95%CI: 3.38-149.49) and age (OR 1.15; 95%CI 1.03-1.28).


Epidemiological, clinical and microbiological features suggest that community-onset HCA UTI is different from CA and similar to HA UTI. However, in our series inadequate empirical antimicrobial therapy and mortality were not significantly higher in community-onset HCA than in CA UTI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center