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Neuron. 2012 Jan 26;73(2):304-16. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.11.022.

RNA editing of the IQ domain in Ca(v)1.3 channels modulates their Ca²⁺-dependent inactivation.

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Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School Medicine, National University of Singapore, 117597 Singapore.


Adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing is crucial for generating molecular diversity, and serves to regulate protein function through recoding of genomic information. Here, we discover editing within Ca(v)1.3 Ca²⁺ channels, renown for low-voltage Ca²⁺-influx and neuronal pacemaking. Significantly, editing occurs within the channel's IQ domain, a calmodulin-binding site mediating inhibitory Ca²⁺-feedback (CDI) on channels. The editing turns out to require RNA adenosine deaminase ADAR2, whose variable activity could underlie a spatially diverse pattern of Ca(v)1.3 editing seen across the brain. Edited Ca(v)1.3 protein is detected both in brain tissue and within the surface membrane of primary neurons. Functionally, edited Ca(v)1.3 channels exhibit strong reduction of CDI; in particular, neurons within the suprachiasmatic nucleus show diminished CDI, with higher frequencies of repetitive action-potential and calcium-spike activity, in wild-type versus ADAR2 knockout mice. Our study reveals a mechanism for fine-tuning Ca(v)1.3 channel properties in CNS, which likely impacts a broad spectrum of neurobiological functions.

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