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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2012 Apr 15;302(8):G794-804. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00372.2011. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

Exogenous GLP-2 and IGF-I induce a differential intestinal response in IGF binding protein-3 and -5 double knockout mice.

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Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) action is dependent on intestinal expression of IGF-I, and IGF-I action is modulated by IGF binding proteins (IGFBP). Our objective was to evaluate whether the intestinal response to GLP-2 or IGF-I is dependent on expression of IGFBP-3 and -5. Male, adult mice in six treatment groups, three wild-type (WT) and three double IGFBP-3/-5 knockout (KO), received twice daily intraperitoneal injections of GLP-2 (0.5 μg/g body wt), IGF-I (4 μg/g body wt), or PBS (vehicle) for 7 days. IGFBP-3/-5 KO mice showed a phenotype of lower plasma IGF-I concentration, but greater body weight and relative mass of visceral organs, compared with WT mice (P < 0.001). WT mice showed jejunal growth with either IGF-I or GLP-2 treatment. In KO mice, IGF-I did not stimulate jejunal growth, crypt mitosis, sucrase activity, and IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) expression, suggesting that the intestinotrophic actions of IGF-I are dependent on expression of IGFBP-3 and -5. In KO mice, GLP-2 induced significant increases in jejunal mucosal cellularity, crypt mitosis, villus height, and crypt depth that was associated with increased expression of the ErbB ligand epiregulin and decreased expression of IGF-I and IGF-IR. This suggests that in KO mice, GLP-2 action in jejunal mucosa is independent of the IGF-I system and linked with ErbB ligands. In summary, the intestinotrophic actions of IGF-I, but not GLP-2, in mucosa are dependent on IGFBP-3 and -5. These findings support the role of multiple downstream mediators for the mucosal growth induced by GLP-2.

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