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PLoS One. 2012;7(1):e30028. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030028. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Modularity in protein complex and drug interactions reveals new polypharmacological properties.

Author information

1
Department of Complex and Intelligent Systems, Future University Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan. nacher@fun.ac.jp

Abstract

Recent studies have highlighted the importance of interconnectivity in a large range of molecular and human disease-related systems. Network medicine has emerged as a new paradigm to deal with complex diseases. Connections between protein complexes and key diseases have been suggested for decades. However, it was not until recently that protein complexes were identified and classified in sufficient amounts to carry out a large-scale analysis of the human protein complex system. We here present the first systematic and comprehensive set of relationships between protein complexes and associated drugs and analyzed their topological features. The network structure is characterized by a high modularity, both in the bipartite graph and in its projections, indicating that its topology is highly distinct from a random network and that it contains a rich and heterogeneous internal modular structure. To unravel the relationships between modules of protein complexes, drugs and diseases, we investigated in depth the origins of this modular structure in examples of particular diseases. This analysis unveils new associations between diseases and protein complexes and highlights the potential role of polypharmacological drugs, which target multiple cellular functions to combat complex diseases driven by gain-of-function mutations.

PMID:
22279562
PMCID:
PMC3261189
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0030028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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