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Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Mar;35(2):181-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2011.12.012. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Cross-border molecular tracing of brucellosis in Europe.

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Institute of Bacterial Infections and Zoonoses, Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Jena, Germany.


To assess the general impact of endemic countries on the re-emergence of brucellosis in non-endemic regions of the European Union, the genetic fingerprints of Brucella melitensis strains imported to Germany were compared to ovine strains from Turkey in a molecular epidemiological study. Genotyping of 66 Brucella strains (based on Multiple Locus of Variable number of tandem repeats Analysis) isolated from German travellers and Turkish immigrants living in Germany revealed epidemiological concordance with 20 sheep isolates originating from Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. In summary, cross-border molecular tracing confirmed brucellosis being a zoonosis of concern for European public health.

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