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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2012 Jul;14(7):608-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2012.01570.x. Epub 2012 Feb 20.

Interactions of amylinergic and melanocortinergic systems in the control of food intake and body weight in rodents.

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Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 9360 Towne Centre Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.



Amylinergic and melanocortinergic systems have each been implicated in energy balance regulation. We examined the interactive effects of both systems using gene knockout and pharmacological approaches.


Acute food consumption was measured in overnight fasted male wild-type (WT) and melanocortin-4 receptor (MC-4R) deficient rats and in male and female WT and amylin knockout mice (AmyKO). Changes in food intake, body weight and composition in male WT and MC-4R deficient rats and in male diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Pharmacological treatments included either rat amylin, murine leptin and/or the MC-4R agonist, Ac-R[CEH-dF-RWC]-amide.


Amylin (10 µg/kg, IP) decreased food intake in WT but not in MC-4R deficient rats (30 and 60 min post-injection). Ac-R[CEH-dF-RWC]-amide (100 µg/kg, IP) suppressed food intake similarly in male WT and AmyKO, but was ineffective in female AmyKO. Amylin (50 µg/kg/day for 28 days) and leptin (125 µg/kg/day) synergistically reduced food intake and body weight in WT and MC-4R deficient rats to a similar extent. Amylin (100 µg/kg) combined with Ac-R[CEH-dF-RWC]-amide (100 µg/kg, IP) decreased acute food intake over 3 h to a greater extent than either agent alone in fasted mice. In DIO rats, additive anorexigenic, weight- and fat-lowering effects were observed over 12 days with the combination of rat amylin (50 µg/kg/day) and Ac-R[CEH-dF-RWC]-amide (2.3 mg/kg, SC injected daily).


Although amylin's acute anorexigenic effects are somewhat blunted in MC-4R deficiency and those of MC-4R agonism in amylin deficiency, these effects are surmountable with pharmacological administration lending therapeutic potential to combined amylin/melanocortin agonism for obesity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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