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Opt Express. 2012 Jan 16;20(2):1308-19. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.001308.

Spiral plasmonic nanoantennas as circular polarization transmission filters.

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Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA.


We present simulation and experimental results for easily fabricated spiral plasmonic antenna analogues providing circular polarization selectivity. One circular polarization state is concentrated and transmitted through a subwavelength aperture, while the opposite circular state is blocked. The spectral bandwidth, efficiency, and extinction ratios are tunable through geometric parameters. Integration of such structures onto a focal plane array in conjunction with linear micropolarizers enables complete Stokes vector imaging, that, until now, has been difficult to achieve. An array of these structures forms a plasmonic metamaterial that exhibits high circular dichroism.

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