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Thromb Haemost. 2012 Mar;107(3):494-506. doi: 10.1160/TH11-03-0202. Epub 2012 Jan 25.

Prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel: a systematic review.

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1
Université de Lyon, EA3065, Université Jean Monnet, Saint-Etienne, France. nora.mallouk@chu-st-etienne.fr

Abstract

The existence of poor biological response to clopidogrel has been shown in some patients. Despite the increasing number of studies, this phenomenon remains difficult to quantify. We performed a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel and investigate the factors known to modulate this. An exhaustive search was performed. Altogether 171 publications were identified, providing data for a total of 45,664 subjects. The estimated prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel ranged from 15.9% to 49.5% according to the platelet function assay employed. The assays most frequently used were light transmittance aggregometry (LTA), the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) assay and the Verifynow® assay. For all these assays, higher cut-off values were associated with a lower prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel. However, when choosing a fixed cut-off point for each assay, the prevalence of poor biological response to clopidogrel was highly variable suggesting that other factors could modulate poor biological response to clopidogrel. Finally, none of the studied factors could apparently explain the variability of poor biological response to clopidogrel. This meta-analysis shows that the prevalence of poor biological response depends on the assay employed, the cut-off value and on various unidentified additional factors.

PMID:
22273694
DOI:
10.1160/TH11-03-0202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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