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Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Feb 15;175(4):340-7. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwr317. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

Taking advantage of the strengths of 2 different dietary assessment instruments to improve intake estimates for nutritional epidemiology.

Author information

1
Department of Statistics, College of Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, 77843-3143, USA. carroll@stat.tamu.edu

Abstract

With the advent of Internet-based 24-hour recall (24HR) instruments, it is now possible to envision their use in cohort studies investigating the relation between nutrition and disease. Understanding that all dietary assessment instruments are subject to measurement errors and correcting for them under the assumption that the 24HR is unbiased for usual intake, here the authors simultaneously address precision, power, and sample size under the following 3 conditions: 1) 1-12 24HRs; 2) a single calibrated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ); and 3) a combination of 24HR and FFQ data. Using data from the Eating at America's Table Study (1997-1998), the authors found that 4-6 administrations of the 24HR is optimal for most nutrients and food groups and that combined use of multiple 24HR and FFQ data sometimes provides data superior to use of either method alone, especially for foods that are not regularly consumed. For all food groups but the most rarely consumed, use of 2-4 recalls alone, with or without additional FFQ data, was superior to use of FFQ data alone. Thus, if self-administered automated 24HRs are to be used in cohort studies, 4-6 administrations of the 24HR should be considered along with administration of an FFQ.

PMID:
22273536
PMCID:
PMC3271815
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwr317
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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