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J Toxicol Pathol. 2010 Dec;23(4):271-5. doi: 10.1293/tox.23.271. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Relationship of Cell Proliferating Marker Expressions with PGE(2) Receptors in Regenerating Rat Renal Tubules after Cisplatin Injection.

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  • 1Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-58 Rinku Ourai-Kita, Izumisano, Osaka 598-8531, Japan.

Abstract

Cisplatin, an anticancer drug, is well known to have nephrotoxicity as an adverse effect. We investigated the expressions of cell cycle markers and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptors (EP) in the affected renal tubules in rats injected with a single dose (6 mg/kg body weight) of cisplatin. On days 1-3 after dosing, the affected renal epithelial cells were almost desquamated, showing necrosis. On day 5 onwards, the renal tubules were rimmed by flattened or cuboidal epithelial cells with basophilic cytoplasm; BrdU-immunopositive cells began to significantly increase, indicating regeneration. Simultaneously, TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells were also seen. On days 1-5, cyclin D1-immunopositive cells were decreased with an increased expression in p21 mRNA, indicating G(1) arrest in the cell cycle. The affected renal epithelial cells began to react to EP4 receptor, but not to EP2 receptor. Some EP4 receptor-reacting epithelial cells gave a positive reaction to BrdU or cyclin D1. Collectively, the affected renal tubules underwent various alterations such as necrosis, apoptosis, regeneration and G(1) arrest; the aspects might be influenced by endogenous PGE(2) through EP4 receptor.

KEYWORDS:

PGE2 receptor; cell cycle; cisplatin-induced renal failure; regeneration

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