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Can J Surg. 2012 Feb;55(1):37-40. doi: 10.1503/cjs.023810.

Endoloop versus endostapler closure of the appendiceal stump in pediatric laparoscopic appendectomy.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC.



There is little information available to inform choice of technique for appendiceal stump control in pediatric laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). We compared complications (stump leak, intra-abdominal abscess formation [IAA], surgical site infection [SSI]) in children undergoing LA for perforated (PA) and nonperforated appendicitis (NPA) by technique of appendiceal stump control.


All children who underwent LA for confirmed acute appendicitis between 2006 and 2009 were reviewed. Choice of stump control (endoloop [EL] or endostapler [ES]) was determined by surgeon preference. Interactions between stump closure techniques and other potential confounders (intra-abdominal drain, irrigation, different antibiotic regimens) were explored using a logistic regression model.


Of 242 patients undergoing LA, 57 (23.6%) had PA. In the PA group the appendiceal stump was closed with EL in 47 (82.5%) patients, while in the NPA group EL was used in 161 (87%) patients. Among PA patients, IAA was more common in the ES than the EL group (5 of 10 [50%] v. 6 of 47 [12.7%]). There was no significant difference in rates of SSI. Among NPA patients, there were no differences in rates of IAA or SSI. There were no stump leaks in either group. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the predictive effect of ES use on IAA formation in PA (adjusted odds ratio 7.09; 95% confidence interval 1.08-46.13; p = 0.042).


Our data suggest that in most cases of PA, the appendiceal stump can be safely controlled with EL. Within the PA group, the higher rates of IAA seen in ES patients may be attributable to the quality of the appendiceal stump rather than the technique of closure.

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