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FEBS Lett. 1990 Oct 1;271(1-2):169-77.

Primary structure and functional expression from cDNA of the cardiac ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel.

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Department of Medical Chemistry, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.


The sequence of 4968 (or 4976 with an insertion) amino acids composing the ryanodine receptor from rabbit cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum has been deduced by cloning and sequencing the cDNA. This protein is homologous in amino acid sequence and shares characteristic structural features with the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor. Xenopus oocytes injected with mRNA derived from the cardiac ryanodine receptor cDNA exhibit Ca2(+)-dependent Cl- current in response to caffeine, which indicates the formation of functional calcium release channels. RNA blot hybridization analysis with a probe specific for the cardiac ryanodine receptor mRNA shows that the stomach and brain contain a hybridizable RNA species with a size similar to that of the cardiac mRNA. This result, in conjunction with cloning and analysis of partial cDNA sequences, suggests that the brain contains a cardiac type of ryanodine receptor mRNA.

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